IELTS Academic Writing Task 1
The IELTS writing test consists of two tasks, the first of which differs for academic and general training candidates. For information about the general training task 1, click here.
For the academic test, in task 1 you are given some data to write about. This may be represented in a variety of ways:
- a line graph
- a bar or column chart
- a table
- one or more pie chart(s)
- a combination of two of the above
- 2 or 3 maps or plans
- a process
You should write at least 150 words to describe the important features of the data and make comparisons where necessary. There is no upper limit to how many words you can write. However, writing too much will eat into your time for writing task two while also potentially affecting the coherence of your response.
The following hints are useful regardless of the way information is being displayed:
- Before writing, spend a minute looking at the data. Try to understand what is going on.
- Start by paraphrasing the description of the diagram. Do not copy this description.
- When using data from any of the charts or table, be sure to include any units and use language to approximate if unsure of the exact number.
- Use words from maps and pictures but remember not to capitalise words that appear mid sentence (unless they are proper nouns) and considering changing the form of some of them (i.e. from noun to verb).
- Do not include any information in the conclusion that doesn’t come from the chart(s) or diagram(s).