IELTS Academic Writing Task #3
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Tip: Line graphs show changes over time. It is important to know which times the graph is referring to. Often this will be the past, but it may include projections into the future.
Write at least 150 words.
The graph below shows the total value (in millions of US dollars) of CD purchases, downloads and streaming between 2006 and 2017, with estimated values for 2018.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features. Make comparisons where relevant.
The line graph provided compares the total income for the music industry from three ways of accessing music over a 12 year period. Overall, total revenues for the industry were expected to be higher in 2018 than in 2006, although this period shows a dip in revenue between these two dates.
Sales of CDs brought the largest revenues to the industry in 2006 at over $9 billion. However, this source of income shows a rapid decline, dropping to less than a third by 2011 at around $3 billion. Between 2011 and 2016, sales dropped to another third at just over $1 billion where they remained constant and are predicted to remain in 2018. Music downloads were the second-largest contributors to industry revenues, starting the period at less than $2 billion and reaching a peak of around $3 billion in 2012. However, music downloads decreased gradually after this point, and are anticipated to converge with CD sales in 2018 at approximately $1 billion. Finally, streaming music brought in only nominal revenue until 2010. This then grew steadily to $2 billion by 2015 at which point these revenues overtook those of downloads and CD sales. Streaming then rose dramatically with a forecasted income exceeding $7 billion in 2018.
Between a decline in CD sales and the rise of streaming, music downloads dominated income over a four year period, during which music industry revenue was at its lowest.
revenue – income
to converge – to come together/meet at the same point
nominal – a very low amount
exceeding – to be more than
dominated – was larger, more important